June is CPR Awareness month. And although you hope to never you use it, there may come a time when you have to. Especially if you’re a parent or child caregiver. So it’s a good idea to constantly review these simple steps we have listed below in case you ever find yourself in a situation where you are require to perform CPR on a child or infant.
Child and Infant CPR Guidelines
1) Check the scene
Make sure the scene is safe. Then, for a child, you will want to tap them on the should and shout “ARE YOU OK?” to see if you get a response from them. For an infant, you will want to flick the bottom of their feet to try and get a response.
Note: If the child responds, call 911 and share any life-threatening injuries. Check the child from head to toe and ask questions to find out what happened.
2) Call 911
If the child or infant doesn’t respond, as a bystander to call 911. Then begin to administer 2 minute intervals of care.
Note: If you are alone with a child or infant, administer 2 minutes of care, then call 911.
3) Open the airway
With the child or infant lying on their back, tilt their head back slightly and lift their chin.
4) Check for breathing
Listen for no more than 10 seconds to see if the child or infant is breathing. Occasional gasping is not considered breathing and that means the child or infant is in need of oxygen.
5) Start rescue breathing
For a child-
Give the child two rescue breaths by keeping their head slightly tilted back, pinching their nose shut, and making a complete seal by placing your mouth over the child’s mouth and breathe two breaths into their mouth that are just strong enough to raise and lower their chest like it would on its own if the child were able to breathe on their own.
For an infant-
Use your mouth to make a complete seal over the baby’s nose and mouth. Then, blow air in to raise the infant’s chest. Once you’ve done that, deliver two rescue breaths.
Note: Infant’s lungs are very tiny and can easily burst from the force of breath you give them. So make sure to keep this in mind as you are administer rescue breathing.
6) Begin CPR
- Kneel beside the child or baby.
- Administer hard and fast pushes.
- For a child-place the heel of one hand on the center of their chest, then place the heel of your free hand on top of the first hand and interlock your fingers together. Administer 30 quick compressions that each about 2 inches deep.
- For an infant- place two fingers in the center of their chest and administer 30 quick compressions that are about 1.5 inches deep.
- Give 2 rescue breaths (see above).
- Keep going. Continue CPR on the infant or child until you begin to see signs of life, you become too tired, the scene becomes unsafe, or help arrives.